Country, people & culture

Hospitable, warm & open-minded

The inhabitants of the Philippines are called Filipinos. They like to call themselves Pinay or Pinoy.
It's hard not to like Filipinos. They are hospitable, open, open-minded and like to get in touch with travelers. This works particularly well since most of them speak very good English.

The Filipinos are culturally more like the West than other Southeast Asian countries. This is mainly due to the Spanish and American colonial times. Kindness, harmony, courtesy and good manners are particularly important values for the Filipinos. The family is particularly important.

In his spare time, Filipinos like to sing karaoke, play basketball and rehearse dance choreographies. Another part of the culture is cockfighting, where bets are placed.


The best way to immerse yourself in the Filipino culture is to choose locally run accommodations. The Filipinos are very hospitable and like to bring their culture closer to their guests. This is how you get to know Filipinos' life today. If you want to go on a little journey through time and still want to get to know the old traditions, customs and rituals from almost forgotten times, you should go to the North of the Philippines to travel. The indigenous people Igorot live there, including the Ifugao, Bontoc, Kalinga, Kankanai and Ibaloi. They still practice their customs, wear traditional clothing and worship their ancestors and nature spirits. Offerings and war dances are also still practiced. The peoples created the rice fields 2,000 years ago and still largely live from them.

Einheimische Filipina mit ihrem Kind ©Joey-Pilgrim via Unsplash
Ifugao Kultur © Philippine Department of Tourism

Events & festivals

Events and events reflect the culture and traditions, which is why it is important to take a look at the event calendar. The Sinulog Festival in Cebu-City takes place annually around the third weekend in January and is the largest and most important festival in the Philippines. If you are going to the north of the Philippines at the end of February, you definitely have to experience the Panagbenga (Flower Festival) Baguio City.


Tagalog is the national language of the Philippines. The official language is English.
The Filipinos also speak Tagalish, a mix of Tagalog and English.
Bisaya (also called Cebuano) is spoken predominantly in the Visayas. Bisaya is reminiscent of the Spanish language. Above all, the times and numbers were taken from the Spanish.
In total, there are more than 170 native languages in the Philippines.


More than 80 % of the population are Catholics.
Almost 10% belong to other Christian churches.
Around 5 % are Muslims, most of whom live in the south of the country.

More about the population and history of the Philippines

The Philippines has 7,641 beautiful islands. Only about 880 islands are inhabited. The islands of Luzon in the north and Mindanao in the south are the largest islands in the Philippines and together cover almost two thirds of the land area.

There are more than 107 million people living in the Philippines. Almost 20 million of them live in and around the capital, Metro Manila. The population is very young with an average age of less than 23 years. This is mainly because Filipino families have an average of 6 children. The average life expectancy is around 71 years, which is why only 4 % of the population is older than 65 years.

The Philippines was a Spanish colony until 1898. The American colony period then followed. The Philippines gained independence in 1946. History still has an impact on religion, language and general life. The current system of government is a presidential democracy. The current president (since 2016) is Rodrigo Duterte. The president is elected every 6 years.